Low Temperature Physics: 29, 465 (2003); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1542529 (4 pages)
Физика Низких Температур: Том 29, Выпуск 6 (Июнь 2003), c. 628-632    ( к оглавлению , назад )

Physical research of microgravity influence on physical phenomenon in cryogenic liquids and general-purpose onboard cryogenic facility for realization of this researchaboard International Space Station

S.I. Bondarenko1, R.V. Gavrylov, V.V. Eremenko, K.V. Rusanov, N.S. Shcherbakova

Special Research and Development Bureau for Cryogenic Technologies of B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine 47 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61103, Ukraine
E-mail: mail@cryocosmos.com

I.M. Dergunov, A.P. Kryukov, P.V. Korolyov, Yu.Yu. Selyaninova

Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Russia, 14 Krasnokazarmennaya Str., Moscow 111250, Russia

V.M. Zhukov

Institute for High Temperature of Russian Academy of Science, Russia 13/19 Izhorskaya Str., Moscow 127412, Russia

V.S. Kharitonov, K.V. Kutsenko, V.I. Deev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering, Russia 31 Kashirskoe Shosse, Moscow 115409, Russia

V.A. Shuvalov

Central Research Institute of Machine Building, Russia 4 Pionerskaya Str., Moscow Region 141070, Russia

Received December 19, 2002

Аннотация

The united research plan named "Boiling" is created on the basis of several cryogenic research projects developed by experts in Russia and Ukraine for International Space Station. The "Boiling" plan includes 8 first experiments aimed at investigating the influence of microgravity on boiling processes, heat transfer and hydrodynamics in liquid helium being either under normal or superfluid conditions. The experiments are supposed to be carried out with individual cells collected inside a single cryogenic onboard experimental facility. The international research program experiments are characterized by the following features: utilization of several artificially simulated microgravity levels, owing to rotation of the experimental helium cryostat; visualization of the processes that occur in liquid helium; research of boiling and hydrodynamics both in a large volume of stationary liquid, and in a liquid flow running through a channel. Upon completion of the "Boiling" research plan, the cryogenic onboard facility created for International Space Station would be able to find its application in further scientific and experimental researches with helium.

PACS:
05.70.Ln - Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics (see also 82.40.Bj Oscillations, chaos, and bifurcations in physical chemistry and chemical physics)
05.70.Jk - Critical point phenomena