Low Temperature Physics: 32, 392 (2006); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2199441 (6 pages)
Физика Низких Температур: Том 32, Выпуск 4-5 (Апрель 2006), c. 521-527
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Magnetic field induced finite size effect in type-II superconductorsT. Schneider Physik-Institut der Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich, Switzerland Received October 14, 2005 Аннотация We explore the occurrence of a magnetic field induced finite size effect on the specific heat and correlation lengths of anisotropic type-II superconductors near the zero field transition temperature T_{c}. Since near the zero field transition thermal fluctuations are expected to dominate and with increasing field strength these fluctuations become one dimensional, whereupon the effect of fluctuations increases, it appears unavoidable to account for thermal fluctuations. Invoking the scaling theory of critical phenomena it is shown that the specific heat data of nearly optimally doped YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7-d} are inconsistent with the traditional mean-field and lowest Landau level predictions of a continuous superconductor to normal state transition along an upper critical field H_{c}2(T). On the contrary, we observe agreement with a magnetic field induced finite size effect, whereupon even the correlation length longitudinal to the applied field H cannot grow beyond the limiting magnetic length L_{H}µÖ Ф̅_{0}̅/̅H̅. It arises because with increasing magnetic field the density of vortex lines becomes greater, but this cannot continue indefinitely. L_{H} is then roughly set on the proximity of vortex lines by the overlapping of their cores. Thus, the shift and the rounding of the specific heat peak in an applied field is traced back to a magnetic field induced finite size effect in the correlation length longitudinal to the applied field. 05.70.Jk - Critical point phenomena 74.40.+k - Fluctuations (noise, chaos, nonequilibrium superconductivity, localization, etc.) Ключевые слова: type-II superconductors,finite size effects, thermal fluctuations. |