Low Temperature Physics: 39, 417 (2013); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4807050 (6 pages)
Физика Низких Температур: Том 39, Выпуск 5 (Май 2013), c. 541-548    ( к оглавлению , назад )

Ionic model for highly compressed solid hydrogen

E.S. Yakub

Cybernetics Dept., Odessa National Economic University 8 Preobrazhenskaya Str., Odessa 65082, Ukraine
E-mail: yakub@oneu.edu.ua

Received October 29, 2012

Аннотация

We propose a simple ionic model for high-pressure conducting phase IV of solid hydrogen observed recently at room temperature. It is based on an assumption of dissociative ionization of hydrogen molecules 3H2=2H2(+)+2H(-) induced by high compression. The model proposed predicts the first order transition of molecular hydrogen solid into partly ionic conducting phase at megabar pressures and describes the temperature dependence of resistivity at room temperature. Its predictions are consistent with high temperature shockcompression experiments which exhibit conductivity of multiply shocked hydrogen. Location of phase transition line, change of volume, and ionization degree in solid phase IV are estimated.

PACS: 05.70.Ce Thermodynamic functions and equations of state;
PACS: 67.80.F– Solids of hydrogen and isotopes;
PACS: 67.63.Cd Molecular hydrogen and isotopes;
PACS: 64.60.Ej Studies/theory of phase transitions of specific substances.

Ключевые слова: solid hydrogen, ionization, phase transition, conductivity, molecular dynamics.