Low Temperature Physics: 41, 465 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4922100
Физика Низких Температур: Том 41, Выпуск 6 (Июнь 2015), c. 594-597 ( к оглавлению , назад )
On dissociation in weakly doped ice
I. Chikina1 and V. Shikin2
1CEA Saclay, CEA CNRS, LIONS DSM IRAMIS NIMBE, UMR 3299, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France
2Institute of Solid State Physics of RAS, 142432, Chernogolovka, Russia
Received November 24, 2014
Currently, there is some ambiguity in the problem of decay of a single donor into charged fragments. Thus, in the well-known Ostwald approximation used for semiconductors (ice being one of them) the donor dissociation degree of tends to its maximum value (i.e., unity) as the doping impurity concentration approaches zero. At the same time, the statistical theory of atom reveals within the Thomas–Fermi (or Debye–Hückel) approximation the existence of a thermodynamically equilibrium state of a single multi-electron atom (donor) where charged nucleus keeps the number of counterions just necessary for its neutralization. These scenarios do not show the atom dissociation at all. Discussed in the present paper is the alternative between the full dissociation of a single donor (i.e., dissociation degree equals unity) in a semiconducting media (ice, water, semiconductor) and zero dissociation degree.
PACS: 52.20.–j Elementary processes in plasmas.
Ключевые слова: Ostwald approximation, semiconductors, dissociation of a single donor.
Published online: April 23, 2015