Low Temperature Physics: 42, 323 (2016); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4948614
Физика Низких Температур: Том 42, Выпуск 5 (Май 2016), c. 417-425    ( к оглавлению , назад )

Bosonic lasers: The state of the art (Review Article)

Alexey Kavokin

Russian Quantum Center, Novaya 100, 143025 Skolkovo, Moscow Region, Russia
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK

Spin Optics Laboratory, St.-Petersburg State University, 198504 Peterhof, St.-Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: a.kavokin@soton.ac.uk

Timothy C.H. Liew

Division of Physics and Applied Physics, Nanyang Technological University 637371, Singapore

Christian Schneider and Sven Höfling

Technische Physik, Wilhelm-Conrad-Röntgen-Research Center for Complex Material Systems, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany

Received January 4, 2016


Bosonic lasers represent a new generation of coherent light sources. In contrast to conventional, fermionic, lasers they do not require inversion of electronic population and do not rely on the stimulated emission of radiation. Bosonic lasers are based on the spontaneous emission of light by condensates of bosonic quasi-particles. The first realization of bosonic lasers has been reported in semiconductor microcavities where bosonic condensates of exciton-polaritons first studied several decades ago by K.B. Tolpygo can be formed under optical or electronic pumping. In this paper we overview the recent progress in the research area of polaritonics, address the perspective of realization of polariton devices: from bosonic cascade lasers to spin transistors and switches.

PACS: 78.67.–n Optical properties of low-dimensional, mesoscopic, and nanoscale materials and structures;
PACS: 78.45.+h Stimulated emission;
PACS: 71.35.–y Excitons and related phenomena;
PACS: 42.50.Ar Photon statistics and coherence theory.

Ключевые слова: polariton, lasing, Bose–Einstein condensation, vortices.

Published online: March 23, 2016