Low Temperature Physics: 43, 5 (2017); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974180
Физика Низких Температур: Том 43, Выпуск 1 (Январь 2017), c. 7-10    ( к оглавлению , назад )

Spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in liquid crystals

E.I. Kats

Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, 2 Kosygina Str., Moscow 119334, Russia
E-mail: efim.i.kats@gmail.com

Received June 14, 2016

Аннотация

Motivated by new experimental observations we generalize the Landau-like approach to include the direct phase transition between isotropic liquid (I) and heliconical nematic liquid crystal (NTB) structure. We show that depending on the Landau expansion coefficients, our model allows either direct INTB transition, or the sequence of the phases INNTB with the classical nematic liquid crystal (N) sandwiched between the isotropic liquid and heliconical nematic liquid crystal. Which of these two situations is realized depends on how strong is the first order phase transition from the isotropic liquid. If it is strong enough the system undergoes INNTB sequence, and for the very weak first order phase transition INTB transformation occurs. Furthermore in the latter case the NTB structure can be biaxial heliconical nematic liquid crystal.

PACS: 61.30.Cz Molecular and microscopic models and theories of liquid crystal structure;
PACS: 61.30.Gd Orientational order of liquid crystals; electric and magnetic field effects on order;
PACS: 84.37.+q Measurements in electric variables (including voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, impedance, and admittance, etc.).

Ключевые слова: phase transitions, Landau expansion.

Published online: November 25, 2016